Knowledge and Management of Hypertension in a West African Setting: Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Brou Kouame Aristide, Esse Diby Clemence, Jasmina Saric, Abe N’doumy Noel

Hypertension is one of the public health problems in Côte d'Ivoire after malaria and HIV / AIDS. Thus, in view of the growing prevalence of this disease, a study was therefore conducted in the community of Port-Bouët in Abidjan, with the general objective to understand the social representation of hypertension and to identify the means of treatment and prevention applied by the population assessed. From a quantitative and qualitative approach including a household survey (N=325), individual interviews (N=3) and group discussions (N=6), it appears that the consumption of salt and cubes Maggi was perceived as the main cause with (44.38%). Dizziness (38.52%) is the most common symptom of the disease. In addition, (68.21%); some people resort to modern medicine however; a use of traditional medicine has been reported with (30.26%).Apart from drug treatment, non-pharmaceutical therapeutic approaches appeared essential in the care of patients with hypertension. As preventative measures the measure, population seem to advocate reducing the consumption of salt and extremely fatty foods and the practice of regular physical activity. However, it seems that the implementation of this knowledge is not yet effective, hence the need to intensify awareness campaigns on hypertension and its social representation.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jssw.v7n2a5